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The Beauty of Borobudur Temple in Yogyakarta

Posted by Latest Indonesia Tourism on Saturday, June 7, 2014

Temple in Indonesia - Borobudur is one of the grandest monuments of Buddhist stupa in Indonesia and the largest series in the world that is recognized by UNESCO. Standing long before Angkor Wat in Cambodia and the great cathedrals in Europe, Borobudur has stood proudly in the land of Java. Building called UNESCO as monuments and stupas grandest and most complex in the world visited by pilgrims in the middle of the 9th century until the early 11th century. Buddhists who want to get enlightenment flocked from India, Cambodia, Tibet, and China. Not only magnificent and large, filled with sculptured walls of Borobudur Temple 2672 relief panels which if arranged in rows will reach a length of 6 km! It is touted as an ensemble of Buddhist reliefs of the largest and most comprehensive in the world, unsurpassed in artistic value.  


Reliefs carved on the wall of the temple is divided into 4 main story that is Karmawibangga, Lalita Wistara, Jataka and Awadana, and Gandawyuda. Besides tells about the life journey of the Buddha and his teachings, the relief also record the progress of the Java community at that time. Evidence that the ancestors of the Indonesian nation is strong and skilful seamen can be seen in 10 relief ships.  

One of the relief ship models used in making replicas of ships that used to sail The Cinnamon Route from Java to the African continent. Currently referred to as a replica of the ship that was stored in Borobudur Ship Museum Ocean Mercury. To follow the thread of the fabric of the story that is engraved on the walls of the temple, visitors must walk clockwise around the temple, known as the term circumambulation. Enter through the east door, walk clockwise to the position of the temple is always there on the right, to arrive at the eastern stairs and stepped up to the next level.  

Buddha statue at Borobudur temple

This is done repeatedly until all levels of passes and be on top of the main stupa shaped temple. At the top,  views in all directions it will show row Menoreh Hills, Mount Sindoro, Sumbing, Mount Merapi, and Merbabu upright around the temple. The mountains and hills as if a guard that fortify the existence of Borobudur. Based on the inscription dated May 26 Kayumwungan 824, Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga between the 8th century until the 9th century, coincided with Mendut and Pawon. The construction process lasted for 75 years under the leadership of architect Gunadarma. Although not familiar with computers and other advanced equipment, Gunadarma able to implement the interlock system in the construction of the temple.  

A total of 60,000 cubic meters of andesite that amounted to 2,000,000 blocks of stone were brought from the Elo and the Progo River carved and assembled into a giant puzzle that covers a small hill to form the Borobudur Temple. Borobudur is not only has a very high artistic value, which is evidence of the great work of human civilization in the past is also loaded with philosophical value. Carrying the concept of the mandala symbolizes the universe cosmology in Buddhism, this magnificent building is divided into three levels, namely the world desire or lust (Kamadhatu), the world form (rupadhatu), and a world without form (Arupadhatu). When viewed from a height, like fried lotus Borobudur Temple on the hill. The walls of the temple which is in the level Kamadatu and Rupadatu as flower petals, while a row of circular stupa at the Arupadatu into stamens. 

Parent stupa symbolizes the Buddha, so the whole Borobudur depict Buddha sitting on lotus petals. Enjoy the grandeur of Borobudur is not only enough to walk down the aisle and up to the top level of the temple. One thing to look out for is watching Borobudur Sunrise and Sunset from the top of Borobudur temple. Spray of the morning sun hit the stupas and statues of Buddha made of grandeur and splendor of the temple is more pronounced. While standing on top of the temple at dusk along a row of stupas and watched the sun slowly began to shade will create a feeling of calm and peace.



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